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Major infectious diseases in Thailand Updated News
Major infectious diseases in Thailand
Major infectious diseases in Thailand include bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis, Cocvid-19, dengue fever, malaria, Japanese encephalitis, rabies, and leptospirosis.
A study by the health ministry and Britain's Wellcome Trust released in September 2016 found that an average of two people die every hour from multi-drug resistant bacterial infections in Thailand. That death rate is much higher than in Europe. The improper use of antibiotics for humans and livestock has led to the proliferation of drug-resistant microorganisms. In Thailand, antibiotics are freely available in pharmacies without a prescription and even in convenience stores.
In November 2016, Thailand announced its intent to halve antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) infections by 2021, joining the global battle against superbugs. But because Thailand remains Thailand, nothing really successful was ever initiated.
BBC News: Millions are dying from drug-resistant infections, global report says
Corona Virus
Coronaviruses are a large family of different viruses and have coexisted with humans for a long time.
The Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
The first known infections from SARS-CoV-2 were discovered in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The original source of viral transmission to humans remains unclear, as does whether the virus became pathogenic before or after the spillover event. Because many of the early infectees were workers at the Huanan Seafood Market, it has been suggested that the virus might have originated from the market. However, other research indicates that visitors may have introduced the virus to the market, which then facilitated rapid expansion of the infections.
COVID-19 affects different people in different ways. Most infected people will develop mild to moderate illness and recover without hospitalization.
Most common symptoms:
  • fever
  • cough
  • tiredness
  • loss of taste or smell
Less common symptoms:
  • sore throat
  • headache
  • aches and pains
  • diarrhoea
  • a rash on skin, or discolouration of fingers or toes red or irritated eyes
Bangkok Post: Ministry recommends boosters every 4 months
Don't be stupid
Wearing a mask definitely helps!
Wearing a mask definitely helps!
Dengue Fever
Outbreak of Dengue Fever
While Thailand seems to have the corona virus under control, the situation with dengue fever, another viral disease, is extremely worrying in the Kingdom, especially during the rainy season.
Thailand's Public Health Officials advise people to make sure that there is no standing water around their homes, as this is a breeding ground for mosquitoes carrying the dengue virus.
Be Aware of Dengue
The Nation Thailand: How to fight the rising dengue threat after heavy rains
Prachatai: Struggling with mosquitoes
Prachatai: The past and present of dengue control in Thailand
The Nation: The future of dengue control
Thai Public Broadcasting Service: Public advised to be aware of dengue fever re-emergence in Thailand
Thai PBS World: Thailand's Disease Control Department is advising people to protect themselves against mosquito bites
Bangkok Post: Public warned after dengue fever spikes in January 2023; 1 dead
Bangkok Post: What to know about dengue fever as cases spread
Thai Travel Clinic: Dengue vaccine for foreigners/travelers in Thailand: Should I get it? UPDATE 2023
New Outbreak of Dengue Fever
Chikungunya Fever
Another dangerous virus in this area is the Chikungunya virus. It is spread to people by the bite of an infected mosquito.
The most common symptoms of infection are fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash.
The Chikungunya virus was found for the first time in the Americas on islands in the Caribbean in late 2013.
The virus was imported by infected travellers into new areas such as Thailand.
Currently there is no vaccine for prevention or medication to treat a Chikungunya virus infection.
Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by measles virus.
Symptoms usually develop 10–12 days after exposure to an infected person and last 7–10 days. Initial symptoms typically include fever, often greater than 40°C, cough, runny nose, and inflamed eyes. Small white spots may form inside the mouth two or three days after the start of symptoms. A red, flat rash which usually starts on the face and then spreads to the rest of the body typically begins three to five days after the start of symptoms.
Measles is an airborne disease which spreads easily from one person to the next through the coughs and sneezes of infected people.
No specific treatment is available but the measles vaccine is effective at preventing the disease and is exceptionally safe.
How to kill the Viruses
How to Handwash
Click into picture for original size
  • Wash your hands with a good soap.
    Hands are one of the most common ways that a virus spreads from one person to the next.
    Most viruses and some bacteria have lipid membranes that resemble double-layered micelles. These membranes are studded with important proteins that allow viruses to infect cells and perform vital tasks that keep bacteria alive.
    These lipid (fatty) bilayer are the weakest link of a virus.
    When you wash your hands with soap and water, you surround any microorganisms on your skin with soap molecules. Soap dissolves the fat membrane and the virus falls apart.
  • The coronavirus is spread from person to person when someone with the virus coughs or sneezes. So people in close contact are at high risk.
    The influenza virus is spread in a similar way. A study shows when healthcare workers are within 1.8 metres of patients with influenza, their risk of being infected is increased.
    We therefore recommend to stay away from mass gatherings and to keep a distance of 2 meters to other people.
    Nowadays this behaviour is called social distancing and is a tool to slow down the spread of a disease that is passed on from person to person.
  • There have been reported outbreaks of COVID-19 in some closed settings, such as restaurants, nightclubs, places of worship or places of work where people may be shouting, talking, or singing.
    In these outbreaks, aerosol transmission, particularly in these indoor locations where there are crowded and inadequately ventilated spaces where infected persons spend long periods of time with others, cannot be ruled out.
    Aerosols are very small droplets that can contain the COVID-19 virus and are able to stay suspended in the air for longer periods of time.
  • A virus can not enter your body throught the skin. The virus get into your body through your eyes, nose or throat.
    Therefore it is important to protect your eyes, nose and mouth, at least if you are one of those people who likes to touch the face with the hands.
    Keep in mind, that the average person touches the face 23 times per hour.
  • Avoid the polite but unsanitary greeting by shaking hands.
    Rather nod your head or use the WAI that is common in Thailand.
  • Do not kiss your partner or any other people
  • Refrain from sex or use a condom!
  • Wear a face mask and/or a face shield
  • Stay at home - and wait for better times!
Do you know?
Do you know?
What to do if the test is positive?
How to dispose your masks
How to dispose your masks
Successful vaccination
Successful vaccination
Successful vaccination
How to dispose your masks
How to dispose your masks